Localities of Iceland: Names, Facts, and Features

Localities of Iceland

In Iceland, there are 63 named localities. Four of them are classified as cities, while the others are smaller and defined as towns, villages, and other smaller settlements. The localities are denser in the coastal regions, while Iceland’s interior lands are uninhabited because of their hostile terrains and conditions. The most densely populated area in the southwestern corner of the island homes two-thirds of the total population. The overall density of the population is three people per square kilometer. The largest, most densely populated, and most expensive city in iceland is the capital Reykjavik while the most minor settlement is the tiny fishing village Bakkafjörður. Húsavík, which has been inhabited since 864, is the oldest settlement. 

Here is a list of the Localities of Iceland:

  • Reykjavík (273 square kilometers)
  • Kópavogur (80 square kilometers)
  • Hafnarfjörður (143 square kilometers)
  • Akureyri (138 square kilometers)
  • Reykjanesbær
  • Garðabær (76 square kilometers)   
  • Mosfellsbær (185 square kilometers)
  • Selfoss
  • Akranes (9 square kilometers)
  • Seltjarnarnes (200 hectares)
  • Vestmannaeyjar (17 square kilometers)
  • Grindavík
  • Ísafjörður (23.42 square kilometers)
  • Álftanes (5 square kilometers)
  • Sauðárkrókur (4.2 square kilometers)
  • Hveragerði (9 square kilometers)
  • Egilsstaðir
  • Húsavík (3.755 square kilometers)
  • Borgarnes
  • Sandgerði
  • Höfn (6.280 square kilometers)
  • Þorlákshöfn
  • Garður (21 square kilometers) 
  • Neskaupstaður
  • Dalvík
  • Reyðarfjörður
  • Siglufjörður (155 square kilometers) 
  • Vogar
  • Stykkishólmur (10 square kilometers) 
  • Eskifjörður
  • Ólafsvík
  • Hvolsvöllur
  • Bolungarvík (109 square kilometers)
  • Hella
  • Grundarfjörður (148 square kilometers)
  • Blönduós (183 square kilometers)
  • Ólafsfjörður (209 square kilometers)
  • Fáskrúðsfjörður
  • Patreksfjörður
  • Seyðisfjörður
  • Grundarhverfi
  • Hvammstangi
  • Stokkseyri
  • Eyrarbakki
  • Vopnafjörður (1.903 square kilometers)
  • Skagaströnd (49.4 square kilometers)   
  • Flúðir
  • Vík
  • Fellabær
  • Hellissandur. 
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1. Reykjavík

Reykjavík City in Iceland is located in the southwest. Reykjavík City’s coordinates are 64.1466° N, 21.9426° W. Reykjavík is the capital of Iceland and has a population of 122.853 residents it is the largest settlement in the country. Reykjavík lies on the southern shore of Faxaflói, thus being the northernmost capital of a sovereign state. It is believed that Reykjavík was the first inhabited settlement in Iceland in 874 AD. Tours and Tour Guides for the Reykjavík City in Iceland are popular. Reykjavík is the favorite destination for tourists. Popular attractions in Reykjavik include the 73-meters high Hallgrimskirkja Church, the Old Harbor and its surrounding coffee shops, the Pearlan Museum with nearby boutiques selling local handmade products, and the mesmerizing Harpa Concert Hall. In the Reykjavik surroundings, tourists can visit the Blue Lagoon, Mount Esja, and Heidmork Nature Reserve.  

2. Kópavogur

Kópavogur City in Iceland is located in the southwest. Kópavogur City’s coordinates are 64.1033° N, 21.8833° W. Kópavogur is part of the Capital Region and covers an area of 80 square kilometers. Kópavogur consists of residential areas, and it houses Iceland’s tallest building, the Smáratorg Tower. The number of residents in Kópavogur is 37.959. Tours and Tour Guides for the Kópavogur City in Iceland are available. 

3. Hafnarfjörður

Hafnarfjörður City in Iceland is located in the southwest. Hafnarfjörður City’s coordinates are 64.0291° N, 21.9685° W. Hafnarfjörður has 30.000 residents, thus being the third most densely populated settlement in Iceland. The city covers an area of 143 square kilometers. Tours and Tour Guides for the Hafnarfjörður City in Iceland are available. The famous annual Viking festival is held in Hafnarfjörður. 

4. Akureyri

Akureyri City in Iceland is located in the northeast. Akureyri City’s coordinates are 65.6826° N, 18.0907° W. Covering an area of 138 square kilometers, Akureyri is nicknamed “The Capital of Northern Iceland.” Akureyri is an important port and fishing center. Despite its location, the ice-free harbor in Akureyri played a significant role throughout the city’s history. Tours and Tour Guides for the Akureyri City in Iceland are available. Popular attractions in Akureyri include the stained-glass Akureyri Church, the Botanical Gardens, and the Akureyri Art Museum.   

5. Reykjanesbær

Reykjanesbær Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. Reykjanesbær Town’s coordinates are 63.9998° N, 22.5583° W. Reykjanesbær is, in fact, a municipality consisting of three settlements, Keflavík, Njarðvík and the village of Hafnir. The three settlements merged as one in 1994, and today they have a population of 18.920 citizens. Tours and Tour Guides for the Reykjanesbær Town in Iceland are available. 

6. Garðabær

Garðabær Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. Garðabær Town’s coordinates are 64.0788° N, 21.8909° W. With an area of 76 square kilometers and 13.872 residents, Garðabær is the sixth largest settlement in Iceland. Garðabær has been inhabited since the 9th century and started with two small farms, Vífilsstaðir and Skúlastaðir. Tours and Tour Guides for the Garðabær Town in Iceland are available. 

7. Mosfellsbær

Mosfellsbær Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. The Mosfellsbær Town’s coordinates are 64.1672° N, 21.6854° W. Mosfellsbær covers an area of 185 square kilometers and includes the Leiruvogur cove which receives water from the three rivers, Leirvogsá, Kaldakvísl, and Varmá. Mosfellsbær lies on a thermal ground, and the hallmark of the town are the many greenhouses. In fact, Mosfellsbær is popularly known as the “Green Town.” Tours and Tour Guides for the Mosfellsbær Town in Iceland are available. 

8. Selfoss

Selfoss town in Iceland is located in the south. The Selfoss Town’s coordinates are 63.9335° N, 21.0014° W. Selfoss lies on the banks of the river Ölfusá. With 9000 residents, Selfoss is the largest settlement in southern Iceland. Tours and Tour Guides for the Selfoss Town in Iceland are available. The town is a popular stop for travelers from Hveragerði to Hella. 

9. Akranes

Akranes Town in Iceland is located in the west. Akranes Town’s coordinates are 64.3219° N, 22.0703° W. Inhabited since the 9th century, Akranes today covers an area of 9 square kilometers. It was founded as a small fishing village by the Irish brothers Þormóður and Ketill. Tours and Tour Guides for Akranes Town in Iceland are available. 

10. Seltjarnarnes

Seltjarnarnes Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. Seltjarnarnes Town’s coordinates are 64.1558° N, 22.0053° W. Situated in the Capital Region, Seltjarnarnes lies close to Reykjavik. It became a town in 1927 and with an area of 200 hectares, Seltjarnarnes is the smallest settlement in Iceland. Tours and Tour Guides for the Seltjarnarnes Town in Iceland are available. 

11. Vestmannaeyjar

Vestmannaeyjar Settlement (Westman Islands) in Iceland is located in the south. The Vestmannaeyjar Settlement’s coordinates are 63.4377° N, 20.2673° W. Vestmannaeyjar refers to the large archipelago consisting of several islands. The largest island in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago is the inhabited Heimaey (Home Island), with 4.332 residents. The Island became the center of attention in 1973 when Eldfell erupted, destroying one-fifth of the island. Other islands in Vestmannaeyjar Archipelago are Surtsey, Elliðaey, Bjarnarey, Álsey, Suðurey, Brandur, Hellisey, Súlnasker, Geldungur, Geirfuglasker and other smaller rocks and skerries. Together they cover an area of 17 square kilometers. Tours and Tour Guides for the Vestmannaeyjar Settlement in Iceland are available. 

12. Grindavík

Grindavík Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. The Grindavík Town’s coordinates are 63.8442° N, 22.4384° W. The small fishing town of Grindavík lies on the Southern Peninsula close to the tuya Þorbjörn. The main attraction in Grindavík is the Blue Lagoon which is only 5 kilometers away from the town’s center. Tours and Tour Guides for Grindavík Town in Iceland are available. 

13. Ísafjörður

Ísafjörður Town (Fjord of Ices) in Iceland is located in the northwest. The Ísafjörður Town’s coordinates are 66.0749° N, 23.1251° W. With an area of 23.42 square kilometers, Ísafjörður lies at the touching point of two large fjords, Skutulsfjörður and Ísafjarðardjúp. With 2.600 residents, Ísafjörður is the largest settlement in the Westfjords. The climate in Ísafjörður is marked by high winds and unusually frequent clear days. Tours and Tour Guides for the Ísafjörður Town in Iceland are available. 

14. Álftanes

Álftanes Locality in Iceland is located in the southwest. The Álftanes Locality’s coordinates are 64.1006° N, 22.0290° W. Popularly known as the “Swan Peninsula,” Álftanes has an area of only 5 square kilometers. Since January 2013, Álftanes has been part of the Garðabær Municipality. Tours and Tour Guides for the Álftanes Locality in Iceland are available. Álftanes is best known for housing Bessastaðir as the official residence of the President of Iceland. 

15. Sauðárkrókur

Sauðárkrókur Town in Iceland is located in the northwest. The Sauðárkrókur Town’s coordinates are 65.7409° N, 19.6405° W. Sauðárkrókur lies on the Skagafjörður Fjord and covers an area of 4.2 square kilometers. With 2612 residents, Sauðárkrókur is the second-largest settlement on the northern coast. In addition to fishing, dairy production is one of the most popular economic branches in Sauðárkrókur. Tours and Tour Guides for the Sauðárkrókur Town in Iceland are available. 

16. Hveragerði

Hveragerði Town in Iceland is located in the south. Hveragerði Town’s coordinates are 63.9995° N, 21.1797° W. Hveragerði has an area of 9 square kilometers and is split into two sections by the Varmá River. The  Hengill Volcano is close to Hveragerði; the town lies on geothermal power manifesting in the forms of hot springs and fumaroles. Tours and Tour Guides for Hveragerði Town in Iceland are available. 

17. Egilsstaðir

Egilsstaðir Town in Iceland is located in the east. The Egilsstaðir Town’ coordinates are 65.2669° N, 14.3948° W. Egilsstaðir lies on the banks of the Lagarfljót River and today has a population of 2522 residents. Egilsstaðir was established in 1947, thus representing a young town. Yes, despite being a new town, Egilsstaðir has quickly grown into the largest settlement in Eastern Iceland. Tours and Tour Guides for the Egilsstaðir Town in Iceland are available. 

18. Húsavík

Húsavík Town in Iceland is located in the northeast. Húsavík Town’s coordinates are 66.0450° N, 17.3383° W. Inhabited since 864, Húsavík is the oldest settlement in Iceland and today has 2.307 residents. Húsavík lies in the Skjálfandi Bay and covers an area of 3.755 square kilometers. One of the main attractions in Húsavík is the wooden church Húsavíkurkirkja built in 1907. Another attraction is The Húsavík Whale Museum. Tours and Tour Guides for Húsavík Town in Iceland are available. Húsavík is the best place in Iceland for whale watching due to the different whale species frequently visiting the bay. The famous Mærudagar Festival (Candy Days) is held in Húsavík. 

19. Borgarnes

Borgarnes town in Iceland is located in the west. Borgarnes Town’s coordinates are 64.5609° N, 21.9010° W. With 3800 residents, Borgarnes is the largest settlement in the Borgarbyggð municipality. Tours and Tour Guides for Borgarnes Town in Iceland are available. Being the gateway to the popular Snaefellsnes National Park, Borgarnes is a popular tourist destination. 

20. Sandgerði

Sandgerði Locality in Iceland is located in the southwest. The Sandgerði Locality’s coordinates are 64.0378° N, 22.7068° W. In the past, Sandgerði was a settlement on its own, but since 2008, it has been part of the Suðurnesjabær Municipality together with Garður. Today, the Sandgerði Town is best known for the museum and research center studying local marine animal life and seawater. Tours and Tour Guides for the Sandgerði Locality in Iceland are available. 

21. Höfn

Höfn town in Iceland is located in the east. The Höfn Town’s coordinates are 64.2497° N, 15.2020° W. Höfn lies near the Hornafjörður fjord, and with an area of 6.280 square kilometers, it is the second-largest settlement in the south-east. The number of inhabitants of Höfn Town is 1677. Höfn is surrounded by small islands such as Mikley, Krókalátur, and Hellir. Tours and Tour Guides for the Höfn Town in Iceland are available. Höfn is attractive for tourists as it offers a picturesque view of Europe’s largest ice cap Vatnajökull. Höfn is the main center for visitors heading towards the Vatnajökull Glacier. 

22. Þorlákshöfn

Þorlákshöfn Town in Iceland is located in the south. The Þorlákshöfn Town’s coordinates are 63.8554° N, 21.3873° W. Þorlákshöfn is named after the bishop Saint Thorak. Þorlákshöfn is the only port between Höfn in the east and  Grindavík in the west. It is also one of the two ports leading to the popular Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. Tours and Tour Guides for the Þorlákshöfn Town in Iceland are available. 

23. Garður

Garður Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. Garður Town’s coordinates are 64.0647° N, 22.6381° W. Garður has an area of 21 square kilometers. In 2018 Garður merged with Sandgerði, forming the Suðurnesjabær Municipality. Fishing has been the main source of income in Garður and remains one of the most important economic branches. Tours and Tour Guides for the Garður Town in Iceland are available. 

24. Neskaupstaður

Neskaupstaður Town in Iceland is located in the east. Neskaupstaður Town’s coordinates are 65.1524° N, 13.6850° W. Neskaupstaður is the third-largest town in eastern Iceland. Neskaupstaður sits on the Norðfjörður Fjord and was built by Egill rauði on a farm called Nes. Because of the socialistic background, in the 20th century, Neskaupstaður got the nickname “Little Moscow.” Interestingly, until 1949 the only way to access Neskaupstaður was via a boat, but today, it is connected with other settlements through tunnels. Since 1998, Neskaupstaður is part of the Fjarðabyggð municipality together with Eskifjörður, Fáskrúðsfjörður, Mjóifjörður, Reyðarfjörður, and Stöðvarfjörður. Tours and Tour Guides for the Neskaupstaður Town in Iceland are available. 

25. Dalvík

Dalvík Village (Valley Bay) in Iceland is located in the northeast. The Dalvík Village’s coordinates are 65.9707° N, 18.5327° W. With a population of 1400, Dalvík is the main village of the Dalvíkurbyggð Municipality. Dalvík lies in the Svarfaðardalur Valley on the western shore of Eyjafjörður Fjord. Tours and Tour Guides for the Dalvík Village in Iceland are available. Dalvík is connected with the northernmost settlement in Iceland, Grímsey Island, via a ferry named Sæfari. Dalvík is a popular skiing destination as it features Böggvisstaðafjall as one of the best skiing areas in Iceland. 

26. Reyðarfjörður

Reyðarfjörður Town in Iceland is located in the east. Reyðarfjörður Town’s coordinates are 65.0354° N, 14.2160° W. Reyðarfjörður has 1350 inhabitants, thus representing one of the more densely inhabited settlements in the area. Reyðarfjörður lies on the largest fjord on the east coast and is surrounded by mountains. Due to its strategic location, Reyðarfjörður has been an important fishing and trading port for years. Tours and Tour Guides for the Reyðarfjörður Town in Iceland are available.  

27. Siglufjörður

Siglufjörður Town in Iceland is located in the northeast. Siglufjörður Town’s coordinates are 66.1512° N, 18.9113° W. The 155 square kilometers town of Siglufjörður lies in the narrow, same-named fjord. In 2010 with the opening of the Héðinsfjörður Tunnels, Siglufjörður merged with the nearby town of Ólafsfjörður, forming a municipality called Fjallabyggð (Mountain Settlement). Tours and Tour Guides for the Siglufjörður Town in Iceland are available. A popular attraction in Siglufjörður is The Herring Era Museum, a maritime museum that has been open since 1994. 

28. Vogar

Vogar Town in Iceland is located in the southwest. Vogar Town’s coordinates are 63.9667° N, 22.3667° W. Vogar is a small and quiet settlement with 1161 inhabitants. Tours and Tour Guides for the Vogar Town in Iceland are available. 

29. Stykkishólmur

Stykkishólmur Town in Iceland is located in the west. Stykkishólmur Town’s coordinates are 65.0729° N, 22.7357° W. Stykkishólmur has an area of 10 square kilometers, and it was named after the small Stykkið Island overlooking the port. Historically speaking, it was one of the most important trading posts in Iceland. Today, Stykkishólmur is the gateway to Flatey, one of the four populated islands of Iceland. It is also a popular tourist destination. Tours and Tour Guides for the Stykkishólmur Town in Iceland are available. The Danskir dagar (Danish days) festival in Stykkishólmur is held every year in August and is particularly amusing for visitors. 

30. Eskifjörður

Eskifjörður Town in Iceland is located in the east. Eskifjörður Town’s coordinates are 65.0714° N, 14.0153° W. Eskifjörður has 1043 inhabitants, thus being the most densely populated settlement in the area. The main industry in Eskifjörður is fishing. Tours and Tour Guides for Eskifjörður Town in Iceland are available. Popular attractions include sculptures by Ragnar Kjartansson in honor of drowned mariners, the Maritime Museum of East Iceland, and the First Free Church built in 1884. In Eskifjörður, tourists can also visit the most beautiful and privately owned collection of rare stones collected from all over Iceland. 

31. Ólafsvík

Ólafsvík Town in Iceland is located in the west. The Ólafsvík Town’s coordinates are 64.8960° N, 23.7060° W. Ólafsvík used to be the largest trading port with commercial vessels connecting Iceland with Denmark. In fact, the Danish King authorized Ólafsvík as a certified trading center in 1687. Tours and Tour Guides for the Ólafsvík Town in Iceland are available. Ólafsvík offers various activities for tourists, but perhaps the most attractive one is snowmobiling on the nearby Snæfellsjökull glacier. 

32. Hvolsvöllur

Hvolsvöllur Town in Iceland is located in the south. The Hvolsvöllur Town’s coordinates are 63.7520° N, 20.2209° W. Hvolsvöllur is a small settlement with 1036 inhabitants, a nearby airport, and a pleasing subpolar oceanic climate. The old Stórólfshvolskirkja church built in 1930 is located in Hvolsvöllur. Tours and Tour Guides for the Hvolsvöllur Town in Iceland are available. 

33. Bolungarvík

Bolungarvík Town in Iceland is located in the northwest. Bolungarvík Town’s coordinates are 66.1518° N, 23.2617° W. With an area of 109 square kilometers, Bolungarvík is one of the oldest fishing outposts in Iceland. Tours and Tour Guides for Bolungarvík Town in Iceland are available. A popular attraction in Bolungarvík is the natural history museum featuring a polar bear and a rich bird collection. Bolungarvík is close to the Hornstrandir nature reserve, and its surroundings are ideal for hiking, horse riding, bird watching, and sea angling. 

34. Hella

Hella Town in Iceland is located in the south. The Hella Town’s coordinates are 63.8355° N, 20.3919° W. Hella lies on the shores of the Ytri-Rangá River and has 942 inhabitants. The town is named after the caves around the river in which Irish monks used to live. Tours and Tour Guides for Hella Town in Iceland are available. Hella is a popular accommodation destination for tourists planning to visit Landmannalaugar and Þórsmörk.

35. Grundarfjörður

Grundarfjörður Town in Iceland is located in the west. The Grundarfjörður Town’s coordinates are 64.9247° N, 23.2604° W. Grundarfjörður covers an area of 148 square kilometers and is situated between the sea and mountain Kirkjufell. Grundarfjörður’s harbor is among the ten largest quota-fishery harbors in Iceland. Due to the booming fishing industry, the town is rich, and its wealth is visible in the traditional yet luxurious houses. Tours and Tour Guides for the Grundarfjörður Town in Iceland are available. 

36. Blönduós

Blönduós Town in Iceland is located in the northwest. Blönduós Town’s coordinates are 65.6601° N, 20.2797° W. Covering an area of 183 square kilometers, Blönduós is situated at the mouth of the glacial Blanda River. In fact, Blanda divides the town into two sections, the old part of the town and the new part. Blönduós is connected with the small island and nature reserve Hrútey via a pedestrian bridge. Tours and Tour Guides for Blönduós Town in Iceland are available. 

37. Ólafsfjörður

Ólafsfjörður Town in Iceland is located in the northeast. The Ólafsfjörður Town’s coordinates are 66.0715° N, 18.6537° W. Ólafsfjörður is situated at the mouth of the Eyjafjörður Fjord and covers an area of 209 square kilometers. It is connected with the nearby Dalvik and  Siglufjörður settlements via tunnels. Ólafsfjörður is a vital fishing center that has become a popular destination for tourists. Tours and Tour Guides for the Ólafsfjörður Town in Iceland are available. The main attraction in Ólafsfjörður is Ólafsfjarðarkirkja, a prominent Protestant church built in honor of the drowned seamen. 

38. Fáskrúðsfjörður

Fáskrúðsfjörður Village (previous name Búðir) in Iceland is located in the east. The Fáskrúðsfjörður Village’s coordinates are 64.9293° N, 14.0121° W. The small village of Fáskrúðsfjörður lies between Reyðarfjörður and Stöðvarfjörður on the same-named fjord and is one of the easternmost settlements in the country. Tours and Tour Guides for the Fáskrúðsfjörður Village in Iceland are available. Fáskrúðsfjörður is best known after the former hospital built for French fishermen, which is now restored and transformed into a hotel. 

39. Patreksfjörður

Patreksfjörður Town in Iceland is located in the northwest. The Patreksfjörður Town’s coordinates are 65.5979° N, 24.0009° W. Patreksfjörður is named after the early settler  Örlygur Hrappson’s bishop Patrick and is the birthplace of the Olympian Leiknir Jónsson. Patreksfjörður is a small and well-preserved town with 721 inhabitants. Tours and Tour Guides for the Patreksfjörður Town in Iceland are available. 

40. Seyðisfjörður

Seyðisfjörður Town in Iceland is located in the east. Seyðisfjörður Town’s coordinates are 65.2598° N, 14.0101° W. Seyðisfjörður sits at the innermost point of the same-named fjord. The town is surrounded by mountains, including Strandartindur to the east and Mt. Bjólfur to the west. Tours and Tour Guides for the Seyðisfjörður Town in Iceland are available. Seyðisfjörður is an important cultural center in Iceland as it features museums, old buildings, cinemas, and houses festivals. The heritage center Skálanes is nearby Seyðisfjörður, and just outside the town, visitors can see untouched landscapes populated by thousands of puffins. 

41. Grundarhverfi

Grundarhverfi Locality in Iceland is located in the southwest. The Grundarhverfi Locality’s coordinates are 64.2396° N, 21.8349° W. Grundarhverfi is a small place with only 587 inhabitants. Tours and Tour Guides for the Grundarhverfi are available. Compared to other Icelandic settlements, Grundarhverfi is lesser-known but definitely an upcoming tourist destination. 

42. Hvammstangi

Hvammstangi Village in Iceland is located in the northwest The Hvammstangi Village’s coordinates are 65.3968° N, 20.9394° W. Hvammstangi lies on the Miðfjörður Fjord on the Vatnsnes peninsula. With 580 inhabitants, Hvammstangi is the most densely populated locality in Húnaþing County. Hvammstangi is the largest textile factory in the country, and it also houses the popular Icelandic Seal Center. Fishing (mostly shrimps) and tourism are also popular in the small village of Hvammstangi. Tours and Tour Guides for the Hvammstangi Village in Iceland are available. Hvammstangi

43. Stokkseyri

Stokkseyri Town in Iceland is located in the south. The Stokkseyri Town’s coordinates are 63.8378° N, 21.0595° W. Stokkseyri was founded by the settler Hásteinn Atlason around 900 AD on the Great Þjórsá lava. Over its history, Stokkseyri was an important fishing and trading village, but today it focuses primarily on tourism. Tours and Tour Guides for the Stokkseyri Town in Iceland are available. Just outside of Stokkseyri is the famous  Knarraros lighthouse as a mixture of functionalism and art nouveau style. 

44. Eyrarbakki

Eyrarbakki Settlement in Iceland is located in the south. The Eyrarbakki Settlement’s coordinates are 63.8636° N, 21.1444° W. Situated over the Great Þjórsá Lava, Eyrarbakki was the main port in South Iceland. Today, Eyrarbakki is a museum-like village with lots of old houses. The Village houses the oldest timber dwelling house in Iceland, built in 1765 and is named Húsið. Tours and Tour Guides for the Eyrarbakki Settlement in Iceland are available.    Eyrarbakki holds great historical importance and is a popular destination for tourists. 

45. Vopnafjörður

Vopnafjörður Village in Iceland is located in the east. The Vopnafjörður Village’s coordinates are 65.7462° N, 14.8614° W. First inhabited during the 9th century, Vopnafjörður is best known for its untouched landscapes and salmon-rich rivers. In fact, the two most popular salmon rivers, Hofsá and Selá, are situated in the village. Historically speaking, Vopnafjörður was the largest port for Icelanders migrating to North America. Today, the village has 526 inhabitants and lives off fishing, agriculture, and tourism and an area of 1.903 square kilometers. Tours and Tour Guides for the Vopnafjörður Village in Iceland are available. 

46. Skagaströnd

Skagaströnd Locality in Iceland is located in the northwest. The Skagaströnd Locality’s coordinates are 65.8242° N, 20.3080° W. Covering an area of 49.4 square kilometers, Skagaströnd lies on the Skagi peninsula. Skagaströnd is the only locality in the new Sveitarfélagið Skagaströnd Municipality which became official in 2007. Tours and Tour Guides for the Skagaströnd Locality in Iceland are available. Just outside the locality of Skagaströnd is a natural reserve and park Spákonufellshöfði. 

47. Flúðir

Flúðir Village in Iceland is located in the south. The Flúðir Village’s coordinates are 64.1350° N, 20.3221° W. The small yet picturesque village of Flúðir lies on geothermal energy and hot springs. Tours and Tour Guides for the Flúðir Village in Iceland are available. The two most popular attractions nearby Flúðir are the worlds’ first recorded geyser named Geysir and the Gullfoss Waterfall. 

48. Vík

Vík Village in Iceland is located in the south. The Vík Village’s coordinates are 63.4186° N, 19.0060° W. The seafront village Vík is situated in the shadows of the Mýrdalsjökull glacier and Katla Volcano. Vík is the southernmost village in Iceland, and despite its small size, it is the biggest settlement in the area. Lying on the windward side of the Gulf Stream, with a mean temperature of 5.3 °C, it is also the warmest place in the country, and with a rainfall of 2,250 millimeters, it is the wettest coastal village. Tours and Tour Guides for the Vík Village in Iceland are available. Vík is a must-stop destination for tourists heading toward the close Mýrdalssandur glacial outwash plain and Skógar Forest. 

49. Fellabær

Fellabær Town in Iceland is located in the east. The Fellabær Town’s coordinates are 65.2834° N, 14.4273° W. Fellabær is situated on the banks of Lagarfljót and is connected with the neighboring town of Egilsstaðir via a 300-meters long bridge. Fellabær is a small town with 448 inhabitants. Tours and Tour Guides for the Fellabær Town in Iceland are available. Despite its small size, Fellabær offers several accommodation places for visitors. 

50. Hellissandur

Hellissandur Village in Iceland is located in the west. The Hellissandur Village’s coordinates are 64.9163° N, 23.8757° W. Situated on the tip of the Snæfellsnes peninsula, today, Hellissandur has 544 inhabitants. Hellissandur used to be an important fishing port and one of the oldest fishing villages, but today tourism is a popular branch too. Near Hellissandur is the 412-meters radio mast Gufuskálar, the tallest structure in Western Europe. Tours and Tour Guides for the Hellissandur Village in Iceland are available. Just outside Hellissandur is the northern entrance for the wildly famous Snæfellsjökull National Park.  

What are the Other Localities of Iceland?

Djúpivogur, Þórshöfn, Svalbarðseyri, Hólmavík, Grenivík, Hvanneyri, Þingeyri, Búðardalur, Reykholt, Hrafnagil, Suðureyri, Drangsnes, Tálknafjörður, Bíldudalur, Mosfellsdalur, Hnífsdalur, Reykjahlíð, Innnes, Laugar, Melahverfi, Laugarvatn, Raufarhöfn, Stöðvarfjörður, Brautarholt, Bifröst, Flateyri, Árnes, Hafnir, Kristnes, Borg, Kleppjárnsreykir, etc. 

What are the facts about Localities in Iceland?

Iceland has four cities and over 59 towns, villages, and smaller settlements. The distribution of these settlements is unique. Namely, most populated areas are clustered in the coastal area while the interior of the island is uninhabited. The larger localities in Iceland are connected via bus lines and domestic flights. Considering the number of natural wonders and attractions in Iceland, tours and tour guides are available for every settlement. Each year, the localities in Iceland are visited by 2.000.000 tourists. 

What is the Capital of Iceland?

The capital and largest city in Iceland is Reykjavik. The city is situated in the southwest of the country, or more specifically, at the southeastern corner of Faxa Bay on the Seltjarnar Peninsula. Housing two-thirds of the country’s population, Reykjavik has 130.000 inhabitants. There are many Reykjavik Guide Tours, and they include a variety of fun activities and visits. 

What is the biggest town in Iceland?

The biggest town in Iceland is Reykjavik, the country’s capital. Reykjavik covers an area of 273 square kilometers. The second largest is Akureyri which is located in the north of Iceland and has an area of 138 square kilometers. 

What is the smallest town in Iceland?

The smallest and most isolated town in Iceland is the tiny fishing village of Bakkafjörður. It is located in the country’s northeast on the shore of the same-named fjord. To be more precise, referring to Bakkafjörður as a settlement is an overstatement as it features a cluster of houses and only 80 inhabitants. 

What is the most crowded Locality in Iceland?

The most crowded locality in Iceland is the capital Reykjavik. With an area of 273 square kilometers and 130.000 inhabitants, Reykjavik is the most densely populated city. Reykjavik houses two-thirds of the country’s population, but on a world scale, it is still considered a small and sparsely populated capital. 

What is the oldest town in Iceland?

The oldest town in Iceland is Húsavík (bay of the Houses). Húsavík is situated in northern Iceland along the Skjálfandi Bay. According to an Icelandic legend, the town is named after a  Swedish seafarer, Gardar, who, after being blown on the bay’s shores, built a house and spent the winter of 864 in the house. Today, Húsavík has 2,307 inhabitants. 

Where are the most densely populated areas in Iceland?

The most densely populated area in Iceland is in the southwest, which includes the country’s capital Reykjavik and its surrounding area. Interestingly, as much as 70% of the total population of Iceland lives in the southwestern corner of the island. 

How much area do settlements occupy in Iceland?

The largest settlement in Iceland is Reykjavik which covers an area of 273 square kilometers. Other larger settlements are Hafnarfjörður with 143 square kilometers, Akureyri with 138 square kilometers, Grundarfjörður with 148 square kilometers, Blönduós with 183 square kilometers, and Ólafsfjörður with 209 square kilometers. 

How is transportation between settlements in Iceland?

There are three basic means of Transportation in Iceland, and those include driving with cars (private and rentals) using buses or domestic flights. The larger settlements are connected with bus lines and have airports with frequent flights. 

What is the prominence of Localities in Iceland Geography?

Most of the localities in Iceland are situated in the coastal regions. They have a positive impact on the economy as they attract tourists. Being close to the sea, the settlements live off fishing as well as the constantly expanding tourism. 

What is the effect of Localities on Iceland’s Economy?

Regardless of their size and population, localities boost the Iceland Economy. They feature attractive hotels and accommodations as well as different tours and tour guides to Iceland’s many natural wonders and unusual landforms. Plus, in Iceland’s localities, there are restaurants where visitors can enjoy their free time. 

What is the cheapest city in Iceland?

The general cost of living in Iceland per person per month is around $1.228 without rent. Iceland is considered to be one of the most expensive countries. This is because almost everything in Iceland needs to be imported. 

What is the most expensive city in Iceland?

The most expensive city in Iceland is the capital Reykjavik. Compared to 506 other capitals in the world, Reykjavik ranks as the 8th most expensive. According to Numbeo, living in Reykjavik is a whopping 28.36% more costly than living in New York.