Esjufjöll Volcano in Iceland: Eruptions, Area, Caldera, and Tours

Esjufjöll Volcano in Iceland

Esjufjöll is one of the many volcanoes in Iceland. Esjufjöll is a subglacial volcano and volcanic system. From a geological standpoint, Esjufjöll is a stratovolcano. Esjufjöll sits in the southeastern part of the Vatnajokull icecap and is protected as a strict nature reserve. The highest point of Esjufjöll stands 1.760 meters tall. The Esjufjöll Volcano is a wildly popular mountaineering destination for adventurous tourists. 

Where is the Location of Esjufjöll Volcano in Iceland?

Esjufjöll is located in the southeast of iceland. The geographic coordinates of the Esjufjöll Volcano are 64.2700° N, 16.6500° W. Esjufjöll is situated southeast of the Vatnajokull ice cap. 

When did Esjufjöll Volcano Erupt last time?

The Esjufjöll Volcano last erupted in 1927 and now it is considered to be inactive. Interestingly, in 2002 and 2010, there was a significant increase in seismic activity near Esjufjöll. The earthquakes indicate that the magma beneath Esjufjöll might be moving. 

What are the Features of the Volcano of Esjufjöll?

Esjufjöll classifies as a subglacial stratovolcano and a volcanic system with a central volcano. Part of the volcanic system and the big caldera are covered with ice and the other parts feature significant ridges. The exposed rocks are mostly alkaline basalts but there are also rhyolitic rocks. 

What is the Type of Esjufjöll Volcano?

Esjufjöll is a relatively small volcanic system from the Oræfi Volcanic Belt. The system includes a central volcano with a sizeable caldera called Snaehetta. The volcano and the 40 square kilometers caldera are covered with ice. 

What are the scientific expeditions for Esjufjöll Volcano?

The Esjufjöll Volcano is explored in terms of collecting and studying ingenious rocks that can give geologists and volcanologists more insight into volcanic activity and the formation of volcanic landforms. 

What are the Tours for Esjufjöll Volcano?

When talking about Tours for Iceland, visiting volcanoes is a popular option. The Esjufjöll Volcano is interesting for tourists and there are guided mountaineering tours offering to cross Breiðamerkurjökull and hike up on Lyngbrekkutindu. Such tours require physical preparations and special gear.