Dyngjujökull Glacier: Size, Ice Caves, Cap and Volcanoes

Dyngjujökull Glacier

Dyngjujökull glacier is an outlet glacier of the Vatnajökull in Vatnajökull National Park. It is located between Bárðarbunga, Holuhraun and Kverkfjöll. The meltwater from the Dyngjujökull Glacier flows into Jökulsá á Fjöllum; it is the second-longest river in Iceland. Using the GPS coordinates for Dyngjujökull is 64.71679° N and -17.00744° W. It has a height of 4,209 feet. The distance from Reykjavík to Dyngjujökull is 245 kilometers. 

The Dyngjujökull glacier in Iceland has a weather station that was established in June 2016. It is located about 10 kilometers north of the Grímsvötn caldera. This station is almost certainly the coldest station in Iceland, mainly because the Dyngjujökull is in the Icelandic highlands. Tourists also visit the Gjallandi Waterfall near Dyngjujökull. There are no cities near Dyngjujökull, mainly because it is surrounded by volcanoes.

What is the Size of Dyngjujökull Glacier?

The size of the Dyngjujökull is about 4,209 feet in height. It is taller compared with Brúarjökull glacier. The Brúarjökull has a height of 2,297 feet, but the scenery is breathtaking, and it offers outstanding outdoor experiences.

What are the Volcanoes in Dyngjujökull Glacier?

The 2 volcanoes in Dyngjujökull Glacier are the Bárðarbunga and Holuhraun. Bárðarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano under the ice cap of Vatnajökull glacier. It was named after Gnúpa-Bárður. He was an early Icelandic settler. Furthermore, it was a little-known volcano in Iceland because of its remote location and infrequent eruptions of about once every 50 years. Bárðarbunga is also a large volcanic structure located under the Dyngjujökull. 

The other volcano, Holuhraun, began a lava eruption in August 2014. The eruption is located in an ice-freeze zone in which no ice is being melted to cause floods in the rivers in the north of Iceland. 

What is the prominence of Dyngjujökull Glacier in Icelandic Culture?

Iceland culture is something that Icelanders are proud of. They are particularly known for their literary heritage. In addition, they have a unique tradition which the tourist enjoys when visiting Iceland. The prominence of Dyngjujökull glacier in Icelandic culture is the respect and reserved awe that is given to the glaciers. Every glacier has a different value with Icelanders.

What are the Similar Glaciers in Iceland to Dyngjujökull Glacier?

Similar glaciers in Iceland to Dyngjujökull Glacier are listed below:

  • Breiðamerkurjökull Glacier: The Breiðamerkurjökull has been monitored during the last several decades mainly because it is constantly breaking, melting and retreating. However, the tongue of Breiðamerkurjökull is the major attraction for tourists. Transportation is available when visiting Breiðamerkurjökull glacier. 
  • Svínafellsjökull Glacier: The estimated age of Svínafellsjökull is around 1,000 years. It is ranked as one of the top destinations due to its bright blue ice, structures and immense size by hikers and anyone who is interested in ice caves. The Svínafellsjökull, also known as “pig mountain glacier,” is the most popular glacier in Iceland.